The Keystone XL pipeline will enable up to fifty million additional tonnes of fossil carbon to be dug out of Alberta's bitumen deposit each year. That will dump another 195 million tonnes of climate pollution per year1 into our already destabilized climate.
For comparison, that exceeds the combined emissions from the 100 least climate polluting nations.2
Should Canada be pursuing Keystone XL at this point in the climate crisis? And should the Trudeau government approve yet another gigantic pipeline, in addition to Keystone XL — the bitterly opposed Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain expansion to Vancouver's shores?
Take a look at the comparison between KXL and 100 nations below and decide for yourself.
- Keystone XL has a stated capacity of 890,000 barrels a day. That's 325 million barrels per year. Environment Canada estimates 90 kgCO2 is emitted to extract each barrel of bitumen. A study by Oil Change International estimates 520 kgCO2 is released when each barrel of bitumen is burned. That's approximately 600 kgCO2/bbl in total. Multiplied by 325mbbls = 195 million tonnes of CO2 will be spilled into the air each year from this bitumen.
- According to the EDGAR database, the 100 least climate polluting nations emitted a combined 184 MtCO2 in 2014. These nations are:
Antigua and Barbuda
British Virgin Islands
C. African Republic
D. R. Congo
Papua New Guinea
Saint Kitts & Nevis
Saint Pierre & Miquelon
Saint Vincent & Grenadines
Sao Tome & Principe
Turks and Caicos Islands
US Virgin Islands