As trade tensions heighten between Alberta and British Columbia, the federal government says it's willing to mediate — but not negotiate — on the Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain expansion.
Alberta Premier Rachel Notley announced on Tuesday that it will boycott the import of wines from its west coast neighbour, in response to the introduction of new oil transportation restrictions in B.C. that could impact the controversial oilsands expansion project.
Ottawa is prepared to discuss the Trans Mountain expansion with both provinces, said Natural Resources Minister Jim Carr on Wednesday, but it will not back down from its approval of the oilsands pipeline.
“There will be frictions from time to time among provinces and between governments and the Government of Canada, but ultimately the Government of Canada decides the national interest," Carr told reporters during a forestry conference in Montreal.
"We have in this case determined what we believed the national interest to be and we stick by that decision."
Threats to electricity and booze
In January, B.C. Premier John Horgan announced new oil spill regulations that include restrictions on transportation until "the behaviour of spilled bitumen can be better understood." The move could further delay or complicate completion of the $7.9-billion Trans Mountain expansion, which aims to triple the capacity of an existing pipeline system, and ship 890,000 barrels of oil per day from the oilsands to the City of Burnaby.
At the time, Notley characterized the maneuver as "political game-playing.”
In response, this week, she pledged to cease to import wines from B.C. Alberta is British Columbia's second biggest market, importing roughly 17 million bottles annually. She also suspended negotiations to buy B.C.'s electricity.
"We have in this case, determined what we believed the national interest to be and we stick by that decision," said Natural Resources Minister Jim Carr in Montreal.
While supporters of the pipeline, including Alberta, argue that it will create much-needed jobs and revenue, its opponents argue that it poses an unacceptable risk to the health of local ecosystems and could wipe out an endangered local killer whale pod through increased tank traffic, and possible oil spills.
In Canada's best interests, says Carr
Speaking to reporters on Wednesday however, Carr maintained that the pipeline is in Canadians' best interests.
“We've done our consulting, unprecedented consulting among Canadians and we stand by our decision to have that pipeline built,” he explained, adding that the pipeline will create thousands of jobs and bring Canadian oil to markets in Asia.
“The very reasons we used in the rationale that we have explained to Canadians to approve the pipeline exist today as well."
Kinder Morgan's Trans Mountain proposal, said the minister — subject to more than 150 environmental, technical and financial conditions — respects the Alberta government's climate plan and the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change. It can be compatible with Canada's transition to a low-carbon economy, he insisted.
“We believe that responsible energy development means that you develop economic potential while you sustainably develop the energy industry, as that's what we have done and that's what we will continue to do,” said Carr.
He spoke at a keynote speech at the BIOFOR conference, an annual Canadian forestry event in Montreal, after a tough year for the sector, which was hit by American countervailing and anti-dumping duties on Canadian softwood lumber.
Federal government 'stepped up' on softwood lumber
Carr said the federal government has “stepped up” to the situation.
“Our government's position has been clear and unequivocal: the U.S. duty are unfair and unwarranted,” he said. “We are vigorously defending Canadian workers by challenging the duty before the World Trade Association and in the North American Free Trade Agreement.”
Carr said the country and forestry sector have been united in the face of protectionist tones from the U.S., and said forestry sector's growth needs are similar to those of the oil and gas industry. Ninety-nine per cent of Quebec's softwood lumber exports are sent to the U.S., he added, which makes expansion a "critical element of our trade policy going forward."
According to a 2017 federal report on the state of Canada's forest, in 2016, approximately 211,000 people were employed by the forest industry. In the same year, the forest industry contributed $23 billion to Canada’s gross domestic product.
Carr praised the sector for its ongoing transition to the bioeconomy — which makes use of renewable resources — and increased production of bioproducts, including biochemicals and bio energy made from wood-fibre residue.
The federal forestry report identifies bioenergy as the second-largest source of renewable energy after hydroelectricity in Canada. The global market potential for bioproducts, it said, is estimated to be more than $100 billion.
It will play a critical role in providing alternatives to fossil fuel energy in the years to come, said Carr.
“Think of what that means for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, for transforming transportation, for improving air quality, for creating jobs and more resilient communities," he said. "Think of what that means for Northern and remote communities still dependent on diesel and propane for their electricity. Canada is ideally placed to lead the bio revolution.”