Crime Reduction Minister Bill Blair says more must be done to address gun violence, but he's also signalling that no new measures will be taken before the fall election.
Steps could — and should — be taken to prevent the theft, illegal diversion and cross-border smuggling of handguns, Blair said Tuesday.
As he entered a cabinet meeting, Blair emphasized the importance of secure storage of firearms to prevent them from being stolen and ending up in the wrong hands.
The government is also open to working with municipalities to allow them to decide exactly where, or even if, firearms can be stored within their boundaries, he said.
However, the parliamentary sitting is expected to conclude shortly and the government is scrambling to tie up loose ends before the summer recess and an election campaign likely to begin in September.
"Some of this would require regulatory and legislative change," Blair said. "And I think it's important not only to do the right thing, but to take the time to do it right."
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau asked Blair last August to study the possibility of a ban on handguns and assault-style rifles after a shooting spree in Toronto.
A recently released summary of a federal consultation said Canadians were divided on the idea.
Still, Blair's office said late last month that no options had been ruled out to clamp down on guns "designed to hunt people" as it weighed new options. Rumours of a federal ban on the popular AR-15 semi-automatic rifle began to circulate.
While Blair reiterated Tuesday there are firearms the government considers "so dangerous that there really is no place in a safe and civil society for them," he made no firm commitment to ban or buy back such guns from owners.
Blair stressed a need to ensure secure storage, prevent people from buying firearms on behalf of criminals and deter smuggling of weapons into Canada from the United States, which he called "the largest handgun arsenal in the world."
"There are a number of very effective measures that I believe that we can and must take to create a safer environment."
Allowing municipalities to enact additional restrictions on handguns would not only be "wholly inadequate," it would also be inefficient, said Heidi Rathjen, co-ordinator of PolySeSouvient, which wants an overhaul of the gun classification system with the ultimate aim of banning weapons specifically designed to kill people.
"All one has to do is consider the glaring disaster resulting from a patchwork of state and local gun laws south of the border," she said Tuesday.
"And one has to ask: why would stricter controls on handguns be justified in cities and not in rural areas? It seems more like the Liberals chose not to deal with the highly politicized issue of banning handguns and instead decided to pass the buck to municipalities."
The law already requires safe storage of firearms, but there has been a "significant increase" in the theft of large numbers of handguns from homes and retailers, with the guns ending up on the street in the wrong hands, Blair said.
He acknowledged there are responsible handgun owners who obey all the rules. "We may ask them to undertake additional measures to secure their weapons to make sure that they're not vulnerable to being stolen."
Public Safety Canada says 24 firearms were stolen from a shop in Prince Albert, Sask., by snipping one cable, raising concerns that the after-hours commercial storage regulations could be insufficient.
Some businesses "may not be fully compliant" with existing regulations, say department notes released through the Access to Information Act. However, chief firearms officers "indicate this is infrequent and businesses come into compliance quickly when non-compliance is identified."
The RCMP says some businesses go beyond minimum requirements through measures including shatterproof glass in display cases, video-monitoring systems and alarms, safes bolted to the floor, deadbolt locks and solid doors instead of hollow ones for storage rooms.