Environment and Climate Change Minister Jonathan Wilkinson has talked about using the revenue from the Trans Mountain oil pipeline to pay for green energy projects. But what if that revenue never comes because there’s little demand for oil in the first place?
This week, three big names in the energy world all made bold predictions of a much-diminished future for oil. The large energy company BP shocked analysts when it said it expects oil demand to peak this decade, and never recover, even before factoring in government actions to cut carbon pollution.
Meanwhile, both the Paris-based International Energy Agency and the 13-nation oil export group OPEC slashed their oil demand forecasts, citing a weaker rebound from the COVID-19 economic slowdown than had been expected.
In an open letter to Wilkinson and other cabinet ministers that was published on Thursday, more than 100 Canadian economists and policy experts pointed to the flurry of recent oil market predictions, calling into question the economic viability of the government-owned oil pipeline and its contentious expansion project.
“For a long time, ‘peak oil’ was peak supply — we didn’t have enough oil. And now it’s peak demand, and the reason for that is climate change,” said Thomas Gunton, director of resource and environmental planning at Simon Fraser University, and a former B.C. deputy minister of environment, in an interview.
“It’s unprecedented, really, for one of the largest oil companies in the world to come out with a forecast as pessimistic as BP’s.”
Gunton and other signatories to the letter — including Canada research chairs Carolyn Fischer, Kyla Tienhaara and Nicholas Rivers, former World Bank adviser David Wheeler, and former BC Hydro CEO Marc Eliesen — also point out that, at the same time oil markets are weakening, the cost of the expansion project has climbed.
“We are concerned that the decline in world oil markets and the escalating construction costs have undermined the viability of TMX and put taxpayers’ money at risk,” reads the letter. “Your government has not provided an updated evaluation to justify this investment in light of these deteriorating conditions.”
The authors said they recognize that Albertans are suffering due to the drop in oil prices, and deserve support. But they urged the federal government to choose “more effective ways of directly assisting workers in the oil sector,” such as expanding a program to clean up orphaned and inactive oil and gas wells.
“Trans Mountain is still in its very early stages of development, and so it’s still an opportunity to do a re-evaluation,” said Gunton. “You (the federal government) have a basic obligation to provide a due diligence business case to the public to justify investment of taxpayer funds.”
'There are certainly lots of different forecasts'
In a conference call with media on Thursday, Canada’s National Observer asked Wilkinson if he was concerned that weak oil demand will jeopardize the anticipated tax-related pipeline revenues the Trudeau government is counting on to fund the greening of the economy.
Wilkinson said the government’s promise to use TMX revenues to fund green projects remains the same and it intends to stick by that commitment.
“In terms of world energy demand, there are certainly lots of different forecasts, as you will have seen from different agencies over the past couple of weeks, and certainly from some of the major oil companies,” he said.
“I think the collective understanding is that we are going to be going through a transition over the next couple of decades. Certainly we all recognize that we need to get to the point where we are not using carbon-polluting fuels if we are going to achieve net zero by 2050, but clearly we are going to be moving through that transition.”
Three per cent of new light-duty vehicle sales in Canada last year were zero-emission vehicles, up significantly from two per cent in 2018, but still a tiny fraction of all the cars being put on the road, Wilkinson pointed out.
“We need to ensure that we are aggressively moving in that direction, of more deployment of zero-emission vehicles and gradually reducing all of the emissions associated with transportation. But that will be a process of a number of years before we see that come to some conclusion,” he said.
The minister was speaking after giving a speech alongside Burnaby North-Seymour MP Terry Beech in Vancouver’s Stanley Park. Wilkinson announced a new $206-million Climate Action and Awareness Fund, meant to help projects that will reduce carbon pollution.
Up to $50 million over five years will be earmarked for community-based climate action projects, the government said, while the remaining funds will be allocated to increasing youth awareness of climate, advancing climate science, and supporting the work of think tanks and academics studying the transition to net-zero.
The money was drawn from the existing Climate Action Fund, as well as the government’s Environmental Damages Fund.
Carl Meyer / Local Journalism Initiative / Canada’s National Observer