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Last Thursday, Terry Boehm breathed a sigh of relief.

The Canadian Seed Growers’ Association, which represents 3,500 seed growers across Canada, voted against a proposed merger with four other seed industry organizations. It was a decision Boehm, a farmer and Saskatchewan representative for the National Farmers Union (NFU), hopes will protect farmers' independence — and the integrity of Canada’s food system.

“The majority of seed growers, in this vote, concluded that no, their interests aren’t the same as the interests of the big players in the seed, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries,” he said.

Seeds are Canada’s third-largest crop, and the industry is worth about $2.6 billion while employing close to 60,000 people — everyone from farmers to plant scientists to breeders. They’re essential to the country’s agricultural industry, both as an export, and to support crops grown domestically, such as wheat, corn, and produce.

It’s big business. A business that, over the past 30 years, has become increasingly imbricated with global seed and fertilizer corporations — threatening the ability of farmers to save and sell seed at affordable prices, said Boehm.

The proposed merger would have brought together the Canadian Seed Trade Association — a national trade association with more than 130 corporate members — with the Canadian Seed Institute, the Commercial Seed Analysts Association of Canada, and the Canadian Plant Technology Agency.

All are third-party entities that, like the Canadian Seed Growers’ Association, work closely with the federal government through the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

Canada's seed system has been developed over the past 100 years, and is among the world's most robust. Graph by Seed Synergy Coalition.

The merger would have brought all these entities under a single umbrella to “create a more efficient and effective industry organization,” according to a 2018 white paper by the merger’s proponents.

“The majority of #seed growers, in this vote, concluded that no, their interests aren’t the same as the interests of the big players in the seed, #chemical, and #pharmaceutical industries,” Boehm said. #cdnpoli #seedsovereignty

That efficiency, said Boehm, would come at the cost of farmers voicing their concerns.

“The NFU thought it was really important that seed growers maintain their independence from the corporate sector,” he said. And the organization was particularly concerned that consolidation in the industry would be harmful to farmers

“It would be part of the process of usurping and taking away seed from farmers and citizens,” Boehm said, “and putting it solely in corporate hands.”

The Canadian Seed Trade Association — the merger’s key proponent — could not be reached for comment by the National Observer’s press time.

Still, despite his relief, Boehm expects his advocacy is far from over.

“This is one little piece. It’ll be an ongoing fight, but for the moment, we’re quite happy with the outcome of this particular vote,” he said.

Marc Fawcett-Atkinson / Local Journalism Initiative/Canada's National Observer

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