Canada’s new climate plan for the aviation industry sets out a vision that hinges on sustainable aviation fuel and carbon offsets to reach net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.
On Sept. 27, Transport Minister Omar Alghabra released the new plan, which sets a “purposefully ambitious goal” to ensure 10 per cent of airline fuel is sustainable and derived from non-petroleum sources — like forestry or agricultural waste, used cooking oil, captured carbon or green hydrogen — by 2030.
While the federal government calls this target “ambitious,” the David Suzuki Foundation’s Gideon Forman says the singular 2030 goal is weak. As for the plan’s long-term goal, “2050 may as well be 500 years from now … we need to have significant, real actions reducing emissions this decade,” he said.
The plan describes the 2030 goal for sustainable aviation fuel as “aspirational.”
“It means if they reach it, that's great. If they don't, that's OK, too,” said Forman, climate change and policy analyst for David Suzuki Foundation. “I don't call that an action plan.”
Carbon dioxide emissions from 26 Canadian airports surpassed 17 million tonnes in 2019, according to previous reporting by Canada’s National Observer. Canada’s previous aviation climate plan was published in 2012 and later extended to 2022 because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The federal announcement says the new plan will be reviewed every three years, starting in 2024, to reassess long-term projections, strengthen short-term commitments, set interim targets and ensure “continued alignment with Canada's climate commitments.”
The federal government collaborated with the aviation industry on the plan in response to a request from the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) — a specialized agency of the United Nations that sets standards and regulations for aviation — for countries to submit action plans ahead of an assembly this week in Montreal.
The assembly kicked off on Sept. 27, and EU Transport Commissioner Adina Vălean says a big-ticket climate item to watch for is whether the UN General Assembly endorses a long-term commitment to net-zero emissions for aviation by 2050.
Canada’s new aviation climate plan sets out a vision that hinges on sustainable aviation fuel and carbon offsets to reach net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. @DavidSuzukiFDN's Gideon Forman says the plan is short on action.
“There is a huge interest in developing sustainable alternative fuel,” Vălean told Canada’s National Observer in a Zoom interview Tuesday morning.
“Less-developed” countries and regions of the world may worry that a focus on sustainability will hurt their ability to develop their transport systems, but the ICAO is trying to set those fears at ease, the commissioner said.
“Most developed parts of the world are here to help and co-operate,” said Vălean, emphasizing the importance of commitments to financing for developing countries under the Paris Agreement.
Vălean also referenced the broad possibilities for carbon offsets, which will be “heavily relied on,” according to Canada’s new plan.
For the sake of the climate, Canada’s rail service must be able to compete with air travel, said Forman. Many people fly short, one-hour distances — from Ottawa to Toronto or Edmonton to Calgary, for example — because it’s currently faster than taking the train, but this could be solved with efficient high-speed rail systems or electric bus services, he said.
— With files from John Woodside
Natasha Bulowski / Local Journalism Initiative / Canada’s National Observer