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With oil and gas companies under increased scrutiny for how they choose to use their record-breaking profits in 2022, the chief executive of Cenovus Energy Inc. took aim at critics Wednesday by highlighting the billions of dollars the industry is expected to contribute in taxes and royalties this year.
In a conference call to discuss the company's third-quarter earnings, Cenovus CEO Alex Pourbaix cited a recent analysis by investment firm Peters & Co. that predicts the oil and gas sector will return approximately $50 billion in the form of royalties and taxes to Canadian federal and provincial governments this year.
"That’s money that pays for health care, education, arts and culture and much more across this country," Pourbaix said. "To put this in perspective, our sector’s anticipated government contributions this year are equivalent to more than two-thirds of the funding for all of Canada’s hospitals last year.”
Pourbaix's comments come just days after President Joe Biden accused U.S. oil and gas companies of "war profiteering" and floated the possibility of a "windfall tax" on the sector unless it uses some of its record revenues to help lower fuel prices for American consumers.
Canada's oil and gas sector has also been under fire recently from critics who say companies should be using more of their hefty profits to invest in decarbonization projects. Federal Environment Minister Steven Guilbeault has said the industry should be putting more money into clean energy projects instead of share buybacks and dividend increases.
The oil and gas industry is enjoying eye-popping profits in 2022 in the wake of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, which destabilized global energy markets and sent commodity prices soaring.
On Wednesday, Cenovus Energy Inc. reported its third-quarter profit almost tripled compared with a year ago. The company earned $1.61 billion or 81 cents per diluted share for the quarter ended Sept. 30, up from $551 million or 27 cents per diluted share a year earlier.
Revenue for the quarter was $17.47 billion, up from $12.70 billion in the same quarter last year, and the company also declared a variable dividend payment of 11.4 cents per share in addition to its base dividend of 10.5 cents per share.
This year's oil boom comes on the heels of nearly a decade of depressed prices, layoffs and industry consolidation, so those companies that made it through the lean years are choosing in 2022 to spend their excess cash on paying down debt and rewarding shareholders, rather than investing in major capital projects or expansion. Cenovus, for example, has reduced its net debt from $9.6 billion to $5.3 billion since the start of the year.
Cenovus CEO takes aim at oil and gas critics; says sector pays billions in taxes. #ClimateChange #ClimateCrisis #FossilFuels #WindfallTax
Cenovus is also a member of the Pathways Alliance, a consortium of oilsands companies that is exploring the possible development of a major carbon capture and storage network in northern Alberta.
While the federal government has created an investment tax credit for carbon capture projects, at the urging of industry, Pourbaix said Pathways is also looking for government to help offset some of the ongoing operating costs of such a project.
“This goal of decarbonizing not just the oil and gas industry, but every major heavy industrial industry in Canada, is a massive task. It is a huge lift," he said.
"Industry is going to spend many millions of dollars on it ourselves, but pretty much every jurisdiction in the world that is proceeding on carbon capture and storage is really doing that with significant involvement of multiple levels of government.”
The Pathways Alliance has said it could spend up to $16.5 billion on its carbon capture and storage network before 2030, but it has not yet pulled the trigger to go ahead with it.
Environmentalists have criticized the Pathways group for not moving faster. Earlier this fall, clean energy think-tank Pembina Institute criticized Pathways Alliance for what it called its failure to make any significant decarbonization investment decisions in the year since the organization launched.
On Wednesday, Jan Gorski, Pembina's oil and gas program director, said Pourbaix's emphasis on royalties and taxes is a distraction from the main issue — which is that the Canadian energy industry has been more talk than action when it comes to its net-zero pledges.
"Despite the fact that the royalty payments are higher, there's still huge profit margins there, and they are not being invested at the pace needed to reduce emissions," Gorski said.
On Wednesday, Pourbaix said Pathways is still in "productive discussions" about its proposed carbon capture project with the federal government, as well as the government of Alberta.
"We are ready to move forward with more advanced investment decisions about these significant decarbonization projects once governments provide assurance that the necessary policy mechanisms and supports are in place," he said.
Cenovus' total upstream production for the three months ended Sept. 30, 2022 was about 777,900 barrels of oil equivalent per day down from 804,800 boepd in the third quarter of 2021, while its downstream throughput averaged 533,500 barrels per day, down from 554,100 bpd a year earlier.
On an adjusted basis, the company says its funds flow amounted to $1.49 per diluted share for the quarter, up from $1.15 per diluted share in the third quarter of 2021.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Nov. 2, 2022.