One of B.C.’s smallest birds is responsible for a four-month stop-work order on one of the federal government’s largest projects, the expansion of the Trans Mountain pipeline.
Anna’s hummingbirds are protected by Canada’s Migratory Bird Act, which says any work that could negatively affect the population has to be halted until nesting season is over. The order, issued by Environment and Climate Change Canada, was put forward after conservation officers saw the company felling a tree with an active hummingbird nest in it earlier this month.
The pipeline, originally built in the 1950s, was taken over by Texas’ Kinder Morgan in 2015, which then made plans to triple the exports of the existing operation, upping production to up to 890,000 barrels each day flowing from Alberta to the coast of B.C. The federal government purchased the pipeline in 2018 for $4.5 billion. The Trans Mountain expansion (TMX) is projected to cost $12.6 billion.
Trans Mountain says the order will not delay the projected completion date of December 2022 and would not answer whether the stop-work order would increase project costs. However Protect the Planet Stop TMX, a group advocating against the project, says an earlier affidavit by a company executive suggests it will.
“Trans Mountain said in an affidavit (pages 18 to 20) that tree clearing in the area had to be completed prior to August 1 to allow access to the streams. If that didn’t happen (which now it can’t) Trans Mountain will miss its 2021 window for watercourse crossing, its 2022 window for hydrotesting and its 2022 in-service date,” said the group.
“Pipeline work at this location must now wait until next year, 2022. The delay comes at a cost of at least $100 million per month of delay past the in-service date, according to Trans Mountain.”
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The stop-work order does not apply to the full 1,500 kilometres of pipeline, but rather to about 1,000 metres along the Brunette River in Burnaby.
Eugene Kung, staff lawyer at West Coast Environmental Law, agreed the order will result in significant losses for the company.
“This is another costly example of Trans Mountain’s disregard for the rules that has happened far too often throughout construction. It was only because of the incredible work of local residents that they were caught red-handed,” said Kung.
“With every delay, the total cost to taxpayers balloons and the project falls further outside the public interest. We have not seen a cost update in more than a year, but it’s easy to estimate the cost being closer to $20 billion today.”
A group called the Community Nest Finding Network (CNFN), which alerted the feds with concerns about TMX violating the Migratory Bird Act, found eight active nests on site but says there are many more along the pipeline route.
“Starting in about mid-February, spring migrations start — nesting can start that early. And it goes until the mid or the end of August ... in the last 30 years, we've lost 70 per cent of our birds,” said Donna Clark, co-founder of CNFN and former director of Wild Bird Trust of BC.
“These beautiful mama Anna hummingbirds, these little birds that have stopped the pipeline, they are what we call in English the canaries in the coal mine.”
Sara Ross, also founder of the CNFN, said the group has been reporting its nest findings directly to TMX as well as the government. However, Ross says the line gets blurred when the owner of the pipeline is also the regulator.
"It's like if we were the bank robber and the police," she said.
"So that's why groups like ours are imperative. It's the reason why we're doing this work, because no one else is."
Both the cities of Vancouver and Burnaby are opposed to the pipeline, as are hundreds of First Nations.
Kukpi7 Judy Wilson, executive board member of the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs, was at an April 26 press conference announcing the stop-work order. She said the government needs to invest in renewable energy rather than fossil fuels. She pointed to the hummingbird as a fitting mascot for the order.
“It is very symbolic that a tiny hummingbird has stopped local construction of this pipeline. At the same time, it is not entirely surprising, either,” she said.
“Many stories honour the qualities of Hummingbird, and one that stands out, in particular, is Hummingbird’s tenacious loyalty to the forest. Even as the forest burned and all the other animals fled, Hummingbird carried drops of water — in their tiny beak — from the river to the forest fire. In response to the other animals, Hummingbird said: 'I’m doing what I can.'”
There must be some creature,
There must be some creature, tiny or otherwise, in Georgia Straight that MUST be protected as well. It is also rather ludicrous that .... well.... what do the Hummingbirds do next year? The breeding grounds (trees) will be gone.
Trans Mountain's response is
Trans Mountain's response is telling:
“While Trans Mountain endeavours to conduct tree clearing activities outside of the migratory bird nesting periods, this is not always feasible."
I.e., if no one speaks up, they just go ahead and cut trees down. Indifferent to the fate of birds and wildlife.
Indifference to the law.
Indifference to the law.
Hooray for nesting
Hooray for nesting hummingbirds.
BC is systematically destroying everything that makes it unique - its old growth forest, its salmon spawning streams, its salmon, its wildlife, - when the final earthquake and tsunami comes - there won't be much left worth saving
Beautifully said. In a
Beautifully said. In a couple of lines you have summed up the NDP government's entire morally bankrupt (and ecologically disastrous) practices with regard to the environment.
Confused. Canada bought the
Confused. Canada bought the project but "the company was felling trees" refers to... Trans - mountain? Who were told to stop by Canada? Who's in charge?
I want to make sure that I
I want to make sure that I understand the “insurer” component.
CER is a Federal corporation which replaced the scandal plagued NEB and that is funded through parliamentary appropriations of which 99% are recovered by the industries that the CER oversees, and whose mandate includes: transparent decisions that must be fair and inclusive believes that the insurers of the Canadian Taxpayer owned Trans Mountain pipeline need to remain secret for fear of public targeting and pressure on the insurer which could result in material loss to the company . In essence this action is required to reduce risk for an insurance company that by its nature is all about accepting risk?
The rationale offered was that there is no requirement under the law to prove that public pressure could lead to a loss; they just need to believe in the possibility.
So Canadian taxpayer dollars (CER) are being used to protect the taxpayer owned TMX pipeline’s private insurance carriers from the potential pressure of Canadian taxpayers?
Is that about right? The Canadian Energy Regulator has determined that the taxpayer and owners of TMX and CER can’t be provided with the name of the project insurers?
It sounds like the banter between Vladimir and Estragon.