When I wrote to Justin Trudeau on October 25, 2015—almost three years ago—I warned him that it was critical to implement his promise to redo Trans Mountain’s review and fix the industry-captured National Energy Board as soon as possible.
As a qualified intervenor and an active participant in the Trans Mountain Expansion Project review, I witnessed first hand how the Board’s biased scope of issues were dangerously steering its recommendation to ‘yes’ without due process. Suspension of the flawed hearing would ensure “no further waste of time and resources by any of the parties involved and will provide the assurance that a credible process will be applied to Trans Mountain’s application.”
Prime Minister Trudeau had permission to redo the review and he squandered it. His broken promise and litany of fraudulent excuses that followed have not only failed all of us—whether we are against or in favour of the pipeline—he has miserably betrayed himself.
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The prime minister participated in the disintegration of his integrity by adopting an elaborate fiction about the economic benefits of the project and it being in the public interest; about having undertaken proper consultation with First Nations and ensuring marine tanker traffic is safe; about it being a commercially viable infrastructure project and the $4.5 billion purchase price a good deal for Canadian taxpayers.
Forcing Trans Mountain's expansion on Canada has been nothing but financial, economic and social cost to the Canadian economy and taxpayers, not to mention the cost and burden to First Nations.
With the purchase deal done, more than $4.2 billion of funds will have been siphoned to Houston-based Kinder Morgan Inc. The U.S. parent received net proceeds from the Initial Public Offering when Kinder Morgan Canada Limited was taken public and will receive 70 per cent of the net proceeds from the $4.5 billion federal purchase. Trans Mountain’s expansion has been nothing but a drain on many Canadians.
"I witnessed first hand how the NEB’s biased scope of issues were dangerously steering its recommendation to ‘yes’ without due process," writes @RobynAllan #TransMountain #KinderMorgan
Finance Minister Bill Morneau’s press conference held shortly after the Federal Court of Appeal decision shows us Ottawa is incapable of learning anything. Morneau continues Ottawa’s deception about Trans Mountain’s expansion. He spouts platitudes about the need to diversify markets and obtain a better price. Big oil has little intention to diversify away from U.S. markets and prices in Asia are not higher. He ignores the fact that come January 1, 2020, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) will introduce low-sulphur content rules that effectively pulls the market out from under heavy oil by more than three million barrels a day.
The Canadian Energy Research Institute estimated in a report released last month that the IMO initiative will significantly ratchet down heavy oil prices. Despite Alberta Premier Rachel Notley’s public statements about benefits from the expansion, her recent budget also predicts a significant price decline.
Estimates vary as to the exact impact on the light/heavy price differential, but the natural discount for Alberta’s tar sands crude as compared to the North American benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) will move to around $35US a barrel. Trans Mountain’s expansion will not, and cannot, deliver any economic benefit to Canada under the impending new market reality. There are currently no markets in Asia for Alberta’s heavy oil and whatever offshore markets might have been expected to be developed before IMO regulations were announced, have dried up. This is because the world is getting wise to the greenhouse gas impact of this low quality crude, even if Trudeau refuses to.
Morneau, for his part, needs to get his head out of the tarsands and face business and market facts.
The 13 shippers who signed onto Trans Mountain’s expansion agreed to a National Energy Board (NEB) certificate budget of $7.4 billion estimated in late 2016, but the certificate no longer exists, ergo neither does their commitment to proceed with the project. Ottawa is going to have to come up with a new budget if they succeed in getting another certificate, which — even under a rosy scenario — is a good two years away. By that time, the capital cost of the expansion project could exceed $12 billion since there are costs for halting construction, carrying the project in limbo, not to mention the practical realities of developing an actual construction budget as compared to the less rigorous planning budget that now exists.
Good luck getting big oil to agree to pay these capital costs, particularly under the looming prospect of declining world demand for heavy oil and its impact on price. Just like Kinder Morgan, they will head to Ottawa, cap in hand, for subsidies which Trudeau will agree to and then try to spin as somehow in the public interest. Canadians are through being spun.
As if the project’s obvious lack of commercial viability as an unexpected by-product of the Court quashing the certificate is not enough, the Court’s decision to ensure meaningful consultation with First Nations has brought with it a very encouraging and much-needed reality check.
Even before the Government of Canada becomes the NEB’s next applicant under Section 52 of the NEB Act, Ottawa will not be able to avoid in its deliberations with First Nations the obvious elephant in the smoke filled room—climate change.
Canadians owe a huge debt to the Tsleil-Wauthuth et al. Everything that should have been considered under due process years ago is now back on the table—from commercial viability, project need, environmental impact and adequate consultation. What’s more, legal recognition that our regulatory and electoral institutions have fundamentally failed us means we can fix them before they take down more of what makes us a decent society.