Elected representatives from Salish Sea communities have urged the prime minister to reconsider the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion, citing the orca Tahlequah as "our canary in a coal mine."

Tahlequah, also known as J35, carried her dead calf in the waters of the Salish Sea for 17 days this summer.

The orca Tahlequah's haunting behaviour seemed like a direct message "that through our treatment of her environment - her home - we are responsible for the death of her infant."

Councilors and trustees from Salish Sea island communities in the United States and Canada, filed an open letter to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau Sept. 5, expressing disappointment and alarm about the environmental risks of the Trans Mountain project that was halted by an Aug. 30 Federal Court of Appeal ruling.

Although Trudeau has repeatedly pledged to get the project back on track, the Salish Sea representatives urged him to use the court decision as an opportunity to reconsider.

"We believe your plan to transform our waters into an export corridor for nearly a million barrels of toxic bitumen per day for the next 50 years or more years exposes us to unacceptable levels of risk," says the letter. "Because we live along this corridor of risk, we feel compelled to speak out at this critical moment."

The Salish Sea is 18,000 square kilometres of connected waterway on the southwestern coast of British Columbia and northwestern coast of Washington State. Major waterways include the Georgia Strait, the Juan de Fuca Strait, and Puget Sound. The Salish Sea is home to over 250 species of fish and the critically endangered southern resident killer whales.

The Trans Mountain expansion, if built, would triple the capacity of an existing pipeline system, allowing it to ship up to 890,000 barrels of bitumen and other petroleum products from Alberta’s oilpatch, to a Burnaby terminal in metro Vancouver.

Haunting message from Tahlequah

Pierre-Olivier Herbert, spokesman from the Minister of Finance’s office, responded to the letter in an email to National Observer, stating “the Trans Mountain expansion project is an investment in Canada's future, and our government continues to have every confidence in the project.”

The writers state that Tahlequah's haunting behaviour seemed like a direct message "that through our treatment of her environment - her home - we are responsible for the death of her infant."

Center for Whale Research, baby orca whale, Canada coast, Victoria,
In this file photo taken on July 24, 2018, provided by the Center for Whale Research, a baby orca whale is being pushed by her mother Tahlequah or J35 after being born off the Canada coast near Victoria, British Columbia. File photo by Michael Weissnsert

Trudeau has indicated the government will proceed, stating on Tuesday that "the facts and evidence demonstrated that the project is in the national interest, and represents a sound investment for Canadians. While purchasing the project was not our first choice, it was the right choice to protect thousands of jobs, and we will ensure that the project moves forward in the right way.”

Herbert repeated the government's assertion that the pipeline expansion review process under former Conservative prime minister Stephen Harper was inadequate.

“Our government inherited a flawed environmental review process from the previous Conservative government and made efforts to improve it, something that the Court acknowledged in its ruling,” Herbert wrote.

Protecting the whales

Jocelyn Lubczuk, press secretary for the Department of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Card, responded in an email to National Observer that through the $75 million Coastal Restoration Fund, new Coast Guard search and rescue stations will be opened that protecting and restoring important marine ecosystems are a priority.

Lubczuk stated that the government is “taking ambitious action to protect and recover" the southern resident whale population and is “committed to working collaboratively with all willing partners, including Indigenous communities to ensure that we effectively protect our oceans and our coasts.”

The $75 million Lubczuk referred to is coming from the Ocean Protection Plan. Launched in 2016 by the federal government, it is a $1.5 billion investment in protecting Canada’s oceans and coastline.

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Prior to the 2015 federal election, "We must wean Canada off of fossil fuels." In 2018? "Drill baby drill." Justin Trudeau.

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