New COVID-19 testing requirements for travellers entering Canada could hinder more than would-be pandemic tourists. They could also leave tomato, pepper, and other greenhouse vegetable farmers in B.C. scrambling for workers.
Temporary foreign workers, most of them from Mexico, are essential to B.C.'s $300-million greenhouse vegetable industry, with about 500 usually coming to work in the sector each year. Last week, strict new rules that require international travellers entering Canada to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken in the last 72 hours came into effect, leaving dozens of B.C.-bound agricultural workers stranded in Mexico.
“(The plane) was coming in with 110 people registered on the flight, but only 10 had been able to get their pre-travel COVID test,” said Linda Delli Santi, executive director of the BC Greenhouse Growers' Association, said Friday.
“A lot of the workers for this flight yesterday were leaving small villages in remote areas of Mexico to take the flight and didn't know anything about (the testing requirement) until they got to Mexico City.”
Greenhouse vegetables are among the province's top agricultural products, ranking as the fourth-largest commodity in B.C.'s agricultural sector. Largely scattered in the Fraser Valley, the farms depend on foreign workers to operate through the winter. With roughly 63 per cent of vegetables eaten in B.C. grown outside Canada, the industry plays a key role in the region's food autonomy.
“I've had a couple of my members saying, ‘I wish I knew (about the pre-travel test rule) before I planted, I might not have planted,’ because it does make it very worrisome that you may not get your workers in,” she said, noting that growers have just put in the majority of their 2021 crops, which will ripen in the fall.
The uncertainty the new requirements bring are a sharp contrast for the industry that otherwise fared relatively well during the pandemic.
Production remained steady during the 2020 growing season, Delli Santi said, in part thanks to provincially funded, off-farm quarantine sites for temporary foreign workers. The organization isn't against the new testing requirement, she said, but would like to see a clear plan that can ensure workers get tested — and make it to B.C. in time for the season.
“I would have said (to government), these foreign workers can be tested when they land (and) we would pay,” she said.
“But there's only so much you can do.”
Temporary foreign workers make B.C.'s greenhouse vegetable industry possible, but new COVID travel restrictions may make it hard for them to get here. #COVID19 #agriculture
Cloe Logan / Local Journalism Initiative / Canada’s National Observer