The Ontario government says it has successfully petitioned a court to freeze access to millions of dollars donated through online fundraising platform GiveSendGo to the convoy protesting COVID-19 restrictions in Ottawa and at several border crossings.
The province obtained an order from the Superior Court of Justice that prohibits anyone from distributing donations made through the website's "Freedom Convoy 2022" and "Adopt-a-Trucker" campaign pages, said a spokeswoman for Premier Doug Ford.
Ivana Yelich said the order binding "any and all parties with possession or control over these donations" was issued Thursday afternoon. She cited a section of the Criminal Code that allows the attorney general to apply for a restraint order against any "offence-related property."
Hundreds of semi-trucks rolled into downtown Ottawa two weeks ago to protest COVID-19 vaccine mandates and health restrictions and now trucks are also blockading border crossings in Alberta, Manitoba and Ontario.
Donors initially raised more than $10 million through GoFundMe, which announced last Friday it was pulling the plug on the campaign and that the money would be refunded. The site said it initially believed the demonstration was going to be peaceful, but withdrew its support after police and local leaders raised concerns it had become an "occupation."
Convoy organizers quickly set up new campaigns on Christian fundraising site GiveSendGo. As of Thursday, "Freedom Convoy 2022" had raised $US8.4 million and "Adopt-a-Trucker" had amassed more than $686,000.
GiveSendGo posted a statement on Twitter Thursday night about its "Freedom Convoy" campaign.
"Know this! Canada has absolutely ZERO jurisdiction over how we manage our funds here at GiveSendGo," it said.
"All funds for EVERY campaign on GiveSendGo flow directly to the recipients of those campaigns, not least of which is The Freedom Convoy campaign."
Organizers have also touted the cryptocurrency Bitcoin as another way to generate funds for protesters and avoid other potential fundraising shutdowns, including during a news conference that was livestreamed to supporters on Wednesday.
#Ontario court freezes access to donations for truckers' protest from #GiveSendGo. #Covid19 #TruckerConvoy2022 #FINTRAC
Ontario's move to freeze access to the donations comes the same day as an all-party House of Commons committee of MPs heard testimony from deputy directors of Canada's financial intelligence hub about how it doesn't cover crowdfunding sites like GoFundMe.
Fintrac has a mandate to identify money linked to terrorist financing and money laundering from reports it receives each year from entities including banks, insurance companies, money service businesses and casinos.
It doesn't investigate potential crimes or stop money from flowing, but passes its intelligence onto police.
Fintrac deputy director Barry MacKillop testified that it doesn't regulate crowdfunding sites like GoFundMe and so wouldn't receive from it reports of suspicious transactions.
The payment services that users rely on to send money to crowdfunding campaigns, like PayPal, and the banks that in turn deposit the cash do fall under is reporting requirements, the MPs heard.
"The intersection with the crowdfunding platforms and our financial institutions is a must in order to disperse the money," he said.
"If the money were going through a Canadian bank, for example, and directed to the Proud Boys — they're a listed terrorist organization. That money would be stopped by the bank."
Annette Ryan, another deputy director at Fintrac, testified this gives them a line of sight into the crowdfunding sector.
At the outset, MacKillop said Fintrac doesn't discuss intelligence disclosures made to police. But when it comes to the protest unfolding in Ottawa, he said there hasn't been an upswing in suspicious transactions being reported.
"We have not seen a spike," he said.
Among one of the questions MPs had about the millions being generated for protesters through crowdfunding sites was the appearance funds were being sent anonymously.
MacKillop says while the public may not get to see who is making donations, that doesn't make them anonymous.
He pointed out donors must use credit cards to send money and the fact that GoFundMe offered up refunds after it shut down the protesters' campaign demonstrates it has the information it needs to identify an individual.
Earlier Thursday, NDP MP Alistair MacGregor announced the committee would hear directly from representatives from GoFundMe about what measures it has in place to prevent the funding of extremism.
MacGregor brought forward the motion and said they will appear March 3.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Feb. 10, 2022.