When Doug Ford’s Progressive Conservatives recently introduced sweeping legislation to tackle Ontario’s housing crisis, they took yet another swing at environmental protections along the way. The bill — which includes measures such as reducing developer fees and overriding municipal zoning laws — will also limit the jurisdiction of Ontario’s 36 conservation authorities, which protect residents from floods and manage large tracts of important wetlands and forests.
Conservation authorities are a regulatory body unique to Ontario. They make decisions on proposed developments in flood-prone areas and play an important role in protecting people and property from floods. Under the guise of incentivizing development, Ford’s legislation will prevent conservation authorities from considering “pollution” and “conservation of land” as factors when issuing permits, and will also make it harder for wetlands to receive protected status. The bill also compels conservation authorities to assess conservation lands for future development.
In the era of climate change, cutting conservation authorities out of the development process hinders climate progress and could spell disaster for residents living in flood zones. Development of conservation lands — particularly wetlands — disrupts the natural flood protection services they provide. It also puts residents living on them in the direct path of future flooding. It’s estimated that three-quarters of Ontario’s historic wetlands have already been developed, and as climate change-exacerbated flooding becomes more frequent, those that remain provide crucial buffers to communities from the rising waters. We only have to look to the November 2021 floods in B.C. to learn what may await communities that are built on floodplains: devastation.
Conservation authorities in Ontario collectively own some 150,000 hectares of land, and with pressures coming from a housing-deprived public, Ford is eyeing these forests and wetlands as potential new subdivisions complete with white picket fences. He’s looking in the wrong direction.
Evidence clearly shows land is not a limiting factor for housing — it’s what’s built on it. And local governments are building mostly one thing: sprawling suburbs full of single-family homes. Concentrating developments within city limits in dense, transit-friendly communities can allow cities to meet housing demands without paving over the natural spaces around them and locking in further sprawling, car-centric development.
There’s also a benefit of green spaces that is seldom discussed: their impacts on social, mental and physical well-being. Residents who live close to green spaces have lower premature mortality, fewer mental health problems, lower rates of cardiovascular disease and lower rates of cancer. A recent survey found almost one in two young people reported feelings of anxiety and depression related to the climate crisis, and green spaces will have a strong role to play in combating the oncoming climate-exacerbated mental health epidemic.
Ford’s ill-considered tradeoff between environmental protection and housing puts residents on the front lines of extreme weather events and Ontario’s once-protected green spaces at risk. And for what?
It’s hard not to question the motives of Ford, whose backers include some of Ontario’s most powerful land developers.
Ford has a history of sacrificing environmental protections for growth. Take the rampant use of special ministerial zoning orders designed to override public scrutiny and environmental assessments to clear the path for development. In all of these cases, developers stand to win while Ontario’s green spaces vanish.
In the era of climate change, cutting conservation authorities out of the development process hinders climate progress and could spell disaster for residents living in flood zones. #Ontpoli #greenbelt #ClimateCrisis
Overriding environmental legislation for development may help keep the campaign donations rolling in, money that might even buy Ford a third term. But when severe weather hits, as it most certainly will, and those white picket fences are underwater, there will be only one way to look back at this — as a giant mistake.