Canada’s leading nuclear industry players announced an inter-provincial corporate partnership Thursday to support the launch of a research centre that will work on developing small modular reactors (SMRs) for use in Saskatchewan.

Saskatoon-based Cameco is the world’s biggest uranium producer and has long supplied fuel to Bruce Power, Ontario’s largest nuclear power company.

SMRs are designed to produce smaller amounts of electricity, between 50 and 300 megawatts, without the emissions usually associated with power generation.

All the uranium mines in Canada are in Saskatchewan while processing, refining, conversion, fuel fabrication, research and waste management happen on a national scale with nuclear power stations in Ontario and New Brunswick. Source: Natural Resources Canada.

Saskatchewan Premier Scott Moe said nuclear power is a critical part of the solution to climate change and will help rural and remote communities as a new base for the electrical grid.

“We are not going to be able to deal with things like climate change or very broad issues if we are not going to commit to integrating nuclear power into our systems. It has to be part of the solutions. We simply are unable to get the job done without it,” Moe said.

In December, Moe signed a memorandum of understanding with the premiers of Ontario and New Brunswick to work together on further developing the nuclear industry.

The partnership between Cameco and Bruce Power will also research developing infrastructure for hydrogen technologies and cancer-fighting isotopes.

“This new initiative will help drive Ontario-made and Canadian-made innovation for these emerging technologies and support our province’s economic recovery,” Ontario Premier Doug Ford said.

“That technology is a long ways away and a lot of it’s going to depend on... the court of public opinion, whether or not people want that in their own backyard, and that’s the whole issue anywhere in the world," Brooke Dobni.
An employee at Cameco Fuel Manufacturing Inc. Uranium dioxide powder is refined into fuel. Powder is checked for consistency to make pellets for use in fuel bundles. Photo courtesy of Cameco Corp.

This agreement comes on the heels of Saskatchewan announcing a nuclear secretariat to make way for reactors.

The secretariat is mandated to develop and execute a strategic plan for the use of “clean-energy small modular reactors” in the province.

“The deployment of small modular reactors in Saskatchewan will require collaboration with several partners to fully encompass the benefits Saskatchewan could see in way of jobs, enhanced value chains for Saskatchewan’s uranium, and our made-in-Saskatchewan climate policy,” Environment Minister Dustin Duncan said in June.

No timeframe or SMR sites were included in the announcement, but the government’s plans already have some northern residents raising alarms.

Committee for Future Generations outreach co-ordinator Candyce Paul of La Plonge at the English River First Nation told Canada’s National Observer that they haven’t been consulted on any aspects of the plan, but all signs point to the north as a site for the reactors.

Paul’s group fights nuclear waste storage in Saskatchewan and was instrumental in stopping a proposal that considered Beauval, Pinehouse and Creighton as storage locations in 2011.

Candyce Paul at her office in La Plonge, English River First Nation, Saskatchewan. Photograph courtesy of Candyce Paul.

“When we informed the communities that they were looking at planning to bury nuclear waste up here in 2011, once they learned what that entailed, everybody said no way. Eighty per cent of the people in the north said no way, absolutely not. It didn’t matter if they worked for Cameco or the other mines. They said if it comes here, we will not support it coming here,” she said.

Paul said she sees small modular nuclear reactors as another threat to the environment and to human safety in the region.

She noted that even with SMRs under 300 megawatts, nuclear waste is a byproduct.

“Even if they’re not burying nuclear waste here, they could be leaving it on site or hauling it through our northern regions and across our waterways,” Paul said.

An illustration showcasing a Rolls Royce reactor module, one of the many SMR designs currently being developed, on a truck. Many such modular reactors are designed to be small enough to transport by truck or shipping container. (Rolls Royce)

She said that waste generated from SMRs would become a dangerous part of the transportation system “even if they do remove it.”

“It will be big, big transports of highly radioactive stuff, driving down the roads as an easy dirty bomb. You’d be driving down the road (behind a nuclear waste transport vehicle) and not know you’re following it,” Paul said.

Paul said the intent behind installing SMRs is anything but green and that the real goal is to prop up Saskatchewan’s ailing uranium industry and develop oilsands in the northwest.

oil sands extraction facility, tailings pond, Fort McMurray, Alberta,
An oil sands extraction facility is reflected in a tailings pond near the city of Fort McMurray, Alberta on Sunday, June 1, 2014. File photo by The Canadian Press/Jason Franson

Paul said that communities around Canada, and especially in the Far North, have long been pitched as sites for SMR development and have refused.

A 2018 brief from Pangnirtung Hamlet Council in Nunavut concluded “any Arctic-based nuclear power source should be an alternative energy choice of last resort.”

“None of our people are going to get trained for operating these. It supports people from other places. It doesn't really support us,” Paul said.

SMRs have been pitched in the north as a way to move away from reliance on diesel fuel, which can be costly. Paul said any benefits of that remain to be seen.

She said companies would need to do environmental impact assessments for smaller reactors even though the exclusion zone around SMR sites is smaller.

“Even if the exclusion zone is only a few kilometres, a few kilometres affects a lot in an ecosystem and especially in an ecosystem that is wild,” Paul said.

The Montreal River in northeast Saskatchewan. Photo by Michael Bramadat-Willcock.

“I’m not feeling confident in this at all, Canadian nuclear laboratories saying that it would only be a small radius exclusion zone. Well that’s our territory. That’s our land, our waters, our wildlife.

"It’s not their backyard, so they couldn’t care less.”

Brooke Dobni, professor of strategy at the University of Saskatchewan’s Edwards School of Business, told Canada’s National Observer that any development of small reactors would take a long time.

“It could be a good thing, but on the other hand, it might have some pitfalls. Those talks take years,” Dobni said.

He said nuclear reactors face bigger challenges because of public concerns about the environment and that the high cost of building infrastructure and then containing nuclear fallout and radiation are all concerns before they can go ahead.

“Anything nuclear is 25 years out if you’re talking about small reactors, those kinds of things to power up the city,” Dobni said.

“That technology is a long ways away and a lot of it’s going to depend on public opinion.

The court for that is the court of public opinion, whether or not people want that in their own backyard, and that’s the whole issue anywhere in the world.”

Michael Bramadat-Willcock/Local Journalism Initiative/Canada's National Observer

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2030 is 10 years away. 2045 would be the earliest one would be running.

SMRs are anything but a climate solution. They're still in the research stage, meaning they're decades away from deployment. Every year matters during a climate era, so wasting decades on an unproven technology means wasting years and resources that should be used to roll out renewables. Renewable technologies create more jobs, are ready to deploy today, are a fraction of the cost of nukes, create no deadly radioactive waste, and don't have the potential to poison countless generations with radioactive fallout. Go 100% renewable today!

Renewables are great, but will only produce a modest portion of global energy needs over the next 50-100 years, then maybe technology will have improved enough that we can rely on renewable sources. Nuclear is probably our only hope to save the planet in the meantime. Not a perfect solution, but it doesn't emit carbon, and the newest generation of reactors are vastly safer, produce very little waste, some even burn nuclear waste.

The technology is already there to take us to net-zero by '50.
But not at the rate we're going, handing over trillions to oil companies, building pipelines, opening up coalmines in Canada to Australian companies, and on and on it goes, sucking up to the OilSands while they're planning on continued increase of net emissions -- with no plans in the offing to even start counting what they've failed to do so far.
All I can say about distributed nuclear is ... hooray! Now we can have radioactive waste scattered all about the country. Welcome to Canadistan.

Article breaks down to:

Introduction - 75 words
What the benefits are claimed to be - 53 words
"Process" - what's happening by what actors and approvers - 245 words
Opposition comments from those who want it all to go away - 679 words
Wrap-up comments that it will take decades - 70 words

This is the stuff that makes people roll their eyes when a news organ says that "our news and editorial functions are completely separate". There was literally 12 times the space given to the opponents as the proponents.

The nuclear waste issue has been well-covered for six decades. What's different and safer and so forth about these new proposed reactors is almost unknown to the public. The history of coverage would ordinarily have suggested that the proportions be reversed: that the problems of nuclear waste disposal could have been covered with a few paragraphs and some links to the long-existing articles on it, whereas the new technology could have used the 691 words to introduce its differences.

There are very few NO news articles that are not also opinion articles. They should be read with that in mind.

More than one navy use small reactors to power ships. The cost per unit of electricity can be calculated from the output of these reactors. The cost to make these reactors is known. The life of these reactors is known. The disposal of the old reactors is known. Not much about this type of reactor is new anymore.

Where and how are they disposing of these?

With interest rates below 1% it appears to be a great opportunity to advance. I don't see this group developing their own designs more than likely they will pick a Westinghouse design from the US and put it forward. Also, I don't agree with the sizes. Westinghouse puts out a popular 750 MWe plant and China has a robust business going worldwide on 1000 MWe units which would be worthwhile look at. Alberta's electrical market is about 16000 MWe. Smaller units are used to replace lines for a remote industry like oil in which case there would be very little left over for export. The plan needs another look and Consumers have to keep their feet to the fire.

It is baffling that ON Premier Ford entertains entering into this partnership while he has cancelled many green Energy projects (including the wind farm in Prince Edward County) costing taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars to break contracts and to dismantle!

Perhaps some attention should be given to the loss of our ability to produce nuclear radiopharmaceuticals required for Nuclear Medicine testing, once a staple of the Chalk River site. As Mr Harper decided not to invest in the Chalk River site nor in the creation of a new Canadian site we have been importing radiopharmaceuticals from Europe, South Africa and others who are able to ship to Canada, the home of the Candu reactor!
The irony is bitter as we did not lose our place in the world due to competition but by the lack of vision or interest or knowledge.

We can disagree about the use of nuclear energy but how do we inspire the young creators to promote new technology when this is how we treat our world renowned existing tech?

Our place as what? Rapists of the planet? I assure you, we are still punching way above our weight on that score.
I have some sympathy for those who demanded that turbines be taken down. They were sited such that farmers were then told they had to keep themselves and their animals off great swaths of their own land: those are farmers who never consented to have them placed on their properties.
It sounds to me like they were improperly installed, or perhaps defective in the first place. But good grief: there's *tons* of space to put up turbines, without interfering with people's use of their own land. Not to mention the harm it's caused their animals, and in some cases, the residents themselves.
There seems to be some sort of attitude amongst our so-called "leaders", that they need to follow the demands of Big Companies, to the letter ... and need not consult individuals. Or indeed, others with claims to the land they decide they can do with as they will.

Shipping container size nuclear electricity molten salt generators would be a great benefit. I don't believe big business with other priorities ( oil or big nuclear) will let our politicians get small fail safe reactors off the ground. Like the US our Canadian leaders especially at the provincial level are to beholden to big donors, and then that provide to money make the decisions. Look at Pharmacare or lower drug prices. Look at Harper's rewrite of the NEB act and decimation of Canada's environmental regs. Look at our cell phone rates.