Despite some improvements, senior public servants are "clinging" to outdated rules promoted by the Harper government and continuing to muzzle federal scientists, says a new survey released on Wednesday.
The poll, commissioned for the Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada (PIPSC) — a union that represents government professionals and scientists, found that 53 per cent of respondents felt they couldn't speak freely to the media. This is an improvement from 2013, when former prime minister Stephen Harper's government was in power and more than 90 per cent felt they couldn't speak freely.
The muzzling of scientists was a frequent complaint about the federal government during the Harper years, particularly on sensitive political topics such as climate change and rising pollution from Alberta's oilsands industry. The federal information commissioner launched an investigation on the issue and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's Liberals swept to power in the 2015 election promising to end the muzzling of scientists.
Once in government, the Liberals announced that scientists were unmuzzled, cancelling the communications policies of the Harper government, while agreeing to add the right to speak freely into collective agreements. The government has also named a chief science advisor, Mona Nemer. Her job is to ensure federal science is available to the public, that scientists can speak freely about their work, and that government decisions are based on evidence.
'Things continue as if there had never been an election'
While the numbers show progress, respondents said that many of their managers haven't fully accepted and implemented evidence-based decision making and better practices.
"There is still a cadre of managers who were very comfortable with the tight rules under the Harper government and are clinging to them," said one respondent in the survey of federal scientists and professionals. #bigchill #cdnpoli #cdnfoi
"At the mid-management level, things continue as if there had never been an election," said one respondent in the survey, included in the new PIPSC report.
Another respondent said they had seen no change in restrictions to sharing the government's science findings.
"There is still a cadre of managers who were very comfortable with the tight rules under the Harper government and are clinging to them," said that respondent.
Debi Daviau, president of the PIPSC union, also said in the report that while the government changed its communications policy, "nobody seemed to know about it" in the initial months after the change in government.
The report's findings are being released as the Trudeau government faces some criticism from scientists over whether its decision to approve Kinder Morgan's Trans Mountain oil pipeline expansion project was based on the best-available evidence.
The survey found that 40 per cent of respondents believed that political interference remained an obstacle to use of scientific evidence in important government decisions.
"There is too much politics affecting decision making and research direction," said another respondent.
The survey, conducted by Environics Research between May 29 and June 27, 2017, surveyed 3,025 members of the union and is considered accurate within 1.8 percentage points, 19 times out of 20.
"The Trudeau government has shown itself willing to unmuzzle federal scientists, make science more available to the public, and promote scientific evidence in its decision-making," said the PIPSC report. "At a time when these values are under threat in the United States, it is more important than ever that Canada lead by example and promote federal science in the public interest."
Culture change takes time, says Kirsty Duncan
Federal Science Minister Kirsty Duncan told National Observer in an emailed statement that the Trudeau government was committed to allowing scientists to speak freely "after ten years of muzzling under the Harper government."
“As the new report points out, our government followed through on our promise to immediately unmuzzle federal scientists," Duncan said in the statement. "We included the right for scientists to speak freely in the latest collective agreements and we reinstated Canada’s Chief Science Advisor after the position was cut by the former government."
All of the numbers from the survey indicate improvements, except for a question about protection for whistleblowers. In 2013, 88 per cent of respondents agreed that the public could be "better served" if the federal government strengthened protections for whistleblowers in the public service. In 2017, 89 per cent of respondents agreed with this statement.
“We know that culture change takes time," Duncan added in her statement. "But I am making every effort to meet with scientists and to encourage them to discuss their important work with each other and with Canadians. Canadians can be confident that I will continue to work with the research community to ensure openness and transparency, now and in the future.”
Among some of the other survey findings:
- In 2013, 90 per cent of respondents said they could not speak freely to the media about their work. In 2017, 53 per cent they were muzzled in this way.
- In 2013, 86 per cent said they felt they couldn't share concerns about health, safety or the environment without censorship or retaliation. In 2017, 73 per cent felt they were not free to raise these concerns.
- In 2013, 37 per cent of respondents said they had been prevented from answering a media question that they had the expertise to answer. In 2017, 20 per cent of respondents said they were placed in this situation.
- In 2013, 50 per cent of respondents said they were aware of cases where the health, safety or environment of Canadians was compromised because of political interference. In 2017, 23 per cent said they were aware of these types of cases.
- In 2013, 71 per cent of respondents said that Canada's policies, laws and programs were compromised by political interference. In 2017, 40 per cent felt this way.
- In 2013, 48 per cent of respondent were aware of cases in which their department or agency had suppressed or declined to release information, leading to "incomplete, inaccurate, or misleading impressions by the public, regulated industry, the media and/or government officials." In 2017, 29 per cent of respondents were aware of these types of cases.
"The message seems clear: undoing 10 years of damage to federal science will take more than a change of government, hopeful mandate letters or even collective agreement provisions protecting the right of federal scientists to speak," the PIPSC report said. "Nor should the impact of funding cuts over many years be overlooked... Real progress will require more deliberate, concrete action by both government and the public service."